UNIT 35

∕d3∕ January

— Good morning. My name is Chas Iazz. I want to arrange to send an item of my luggage on to ∣apan.

— lust one moment, Mr Jazz… (on phone) Hello. Could you hold on for just a moment, please?

— Just in case there’s any damage to this baggage, the Jumbojetset Companyin Jamestown has…

— I’m sorry Mr )azz, but this is not the Iumbojetset Company. Their office is just round the corner.

1 Target sound ∕d3∕

C, ∙,> a First practise the sound /t J7 (see page 120). Listen and repeat.

C4∙jt — B Use your voice to make the target sound ∕d3∕. Listen and repeat.

C 49,- c Listen and repeat both sounds together, /t J7 is unvoiced, ∕d3∕ is voiced.

Choke

Are you choking?

Riches

A land full of riches.

Cherries

Do you like cherries?

Sound 2

∕d3∕

Jeep

It’s a jeep type of car.

Joke

Are you joking?

Ridges

A land full of ridges.

Jerry’s

Do you like Jerry’s?

-2∣ pair words

A Listen and repeat the words.

B You will hear five words from each minimal pair. For each word, write 1 For ∕tJ7 (sound 1) or 2 for ∕d3∕ (sound 2).

EXAMPLE Pair 1: 2, 2, 1, 2, 1

— 3∣ pair sentences

C Listen to the minimal pair sentences.

D Listen to six of the sentences and write 1 for /t J^∕ (sound 1) or 2 for ∕d3∕ (sound 2).

E Sentence stress

First imagine how the minimal pair sentences will be spoken if the pair word is the most important word for the speaker’s meaning. Underline This word (on page 124). Then listen to the sentences again and mark if the voice begins to go up or down on this word.

EXAMPLE It’s a Cheap type of car. f Tick the words a) or b) that you hear in the sentences.

1 a) choke

B)joke

2 a) larch

B)large

3 a) cheap

B)jeep

4 a) chain

B) Jane

5 a) chilly

B) Jilly

6 a) cheered

B) jeered

2∣0gue

A First practise the target sound ∕d3∕ in words from the dialogue. Read the words aloud or visit the website to practise, jeep jail John just George edge Jerry larger injured dangerous agency travel agency jokes bridge village damaged manager passenger January dangerously

C53 b Read the dialogue below and fill the gaps (1-8) with the correct words from the box below. Then listen and check your answers.

Jokes

Bridge

Village

Damaged

Manager

Passenger

January

Dangerously

A dangerous bridge

JERRY: Just outside this 1________ there’s a very dangerous bridge.

JOHN: Yes. Charles told me two jeeps crashed on it in 2___________ .

What happened?

JERRY: Well, George Churchill was the driver of the larger jeep, and he was driving very 3 .

JOHN: George Churchill? Do I know George Churchill?

JERRY: Yes. That ginger-haired chap. He’s the 4_________ of the travel

Agency in Chester.

JOHN: Oh, yes. I remember George. He’s always telling jokes. Well, was anybody injured?

JERRY: Oh, yes. The other jeep went over the edge of the 5___________ , and

Two children and another 6_________ were badly injured.

JOHN: Oh dear! Were both the jeeps 7__________ ?

JERRY: Oh, yes.

JOHN: And what happened to George?

JERRY: George? He’s telling 8________ in jail now, I suppose!

C Practise reading the dialogue aloud. Record your voice to compare your production of the target sound with the recording.

4 ∕t∫∕ and ∕d3∕ sounds

C5i a Joining sounds

Notice that when two sounds ∕tιf∕ or ∕d3∕ come together, we usually say both sounds.

EXAMPLE large (∕d3∕ ∕tJ7) cherries Listen and repeat.

Large cherries

Orange juice

How much cheese

Which job

Village jail

Watch chain

Rich child

Teach German

Large gentleman

Which chair

College chess

Huge jumbo jet

B Crossword

Every answer has the sound ∕tJ7 or ∕d3∕.

Clues

Across:

1 Some people get married in a………….

2 We eat bread, butter and………

3 We buy jam in a………

4 You’ll get fat if you eat too much…. olate.

5 A game for two people.

6 You can see in the dark with a………. ch.

7 This isn’t……. a difficult puzzle.

Down:

1 A young hen is a……….

2 This book belongs to Jock. It’s………. ’. book.

3 The dangerous bridge is………… outside the village.

4 HRCAE are the letters of this word. It means to arrive.

5 Tell me a j…. e.

6 George’s jeep was……. than the other jeep.

∣∣ing

Look back over this unit at words with the target sound, and write what you noticed about how to spell the sound ∕d3∕.

Card game: Pick up unvoiced consonants: ∕p∕, ∕t∕, ∕k∕, /J’/, ∕tj £ Photocopy and cut out cards from minimal pairs in Units 32, 34, 35 and

Add the cards from Units 24, 26 and 28.

Shuffle the cards and deal them face down all over the table.

Turn over any two cards and read their sentences aloud. If they both have any unvoiced consonants in the pair words, you keep them and you continue playing.

If they don’t, turn them both face down again and the next person plays. Collect as many cards as you can in a time limit, e. g. ten minutes.

TEST

You can use a dictionary if you wish, but you don’t have to understand every word to do this test.

Css 1 For each line (1, 2, 3, 4, 5), first listen to the whole line, then circle the one word (or part of a word) that is said twice. Note that meaning is no; important in this exercise. The purpose is to review the sounds by hearing them in contrast. One word is rarely used in everyday English, and this is marked by an asterisk *. Incomplete words have the rest of the word written in brackets, e. g. Chea(p).

∕s∕

∕z∕

/;/ /3/

∕tJ7

∕d3∕

1

Sue

Zoo

Shoe

Chew

Jew(ish)

2

Sam

(e)xam

Sham

Cham(pion)

Jam

3

So

Zo(ne)

Show

Cho(sen)

Joe

4

C

2

She

Chea(p)

Gee!

5

Sap

Zap

Chap(erone)*-

Chap

Jap(anese)

Score 1 /5 !

2 Circle the words with the same consonant cluster as 1-3.

1 insect

∕ns∕ answer

Televisions

Chance instructions

Designs ancestors

Pens

Inside

Pins

John’s

3 optician ∕J∙∏∕

Russian

Indonesian

Intonation fashion

Electrician television

Lesson unfasten

Illusion

Expansion

3 Pick the different one: ∕s∕, ∕z∕ or ∕az∕

Underline the s ending that has a different pronunciation.

EXAMPLE Samantha’s Mum’s Bill’s Ruth’s

1 loves climbs kisses whistles

2 wants sings laughs gets

3 bicycles watches matches boxes

4 Laura’s William’s Luke’s Dad’s

5 books oils bugs lessons Score I /51

4 Intonation

Read this conversation and guess the intonation. Then listen and draw intonation arrows in the boxes for each item 1-10.

(draw 6 of these) (draw 3 of these) (draw 1 of these)

CHARLES: Would you like some coffee? 1 1 ∣

SUSAN: Γd actually like some hot ChocOlate. . 2 ∣ ∣

CHARLES: Well? 3 ∣ ∣

SUSAN: You know how to make that, Don’t you? 4 [ ∣

CHARLES: You just heat up the milk, put the chocolate in the cup 5 ∣___ ∣

… And then pour the hot milk over it. 6 ∣ ∣

SUSAN: And add some of these MarshMallows I brought. 7 ∣ ∣

Would You like some hot chocolate? 8 ∣ ∣

CHARLES: With a few extra MarshMallows? 9 ∣ 1

SUSAN: Mmmm! 10 ∣ ∣

Score /5 I

Total score I /30 I

Additional review task using dialogues from Units 30-35

Unit

30

31

32

33

34

35

Target sound

∕s∕

∕z∕

∕J∕

/3/

∕tj∕

∕d3∕

Sun

ZOO

Shoe

Television chip

Januar

From the above table, choose any target sounds that you had difficulty with

1 Listen again to the dialogue in that unit, listening for the target sound.

2 Circle the target sound in any words in the dialogue.

3 Listen to the dialogue again and check your answers.

4 Check your answers in the key.

5 Listen to the dialogue again, listening for the target sound.

6 Practise reading the dialogue aloud, and record your voice to compare your production of the target sound with the CD.

You can also use this review task as a quick self-test, by doing steps 2 and 4 only.

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