— Dad, what rhymes with explosion?
— What about conclusion?
— And television?
— Decision… revision… precision…
— Stop, Dad! That’s enough! Thank you.
— My pleasure. Any time.
C3βa a First practise the sound ∕J∕ (see page 114). Listen and repeat.
C3βb b Use your voice to make the target sound /3/. Listen and repeat.
C38c c Listen and repeat both sounds.
∕J^∕ is unvoiced. /3/ is voiced.
Michelle has a job in a shop selling casual shoes.
She also has a casual job doing sports massage
She does sports massage occasionally, not every day.
Yesterday Michelle saw a collision outside the shoe shop.
She was measuring a shoe for a customer.
An ambulance took two injured people to casualty.
(Note: Two meanings of Casual in the first two sentences: 1 Casual shoes = Relaxed style or fashion [opposite: formal]; 2 Casual job = not regular work [opposite: permanent].)
Сзэа a Listen and repeat the words, сзэь b Listen to the sentences, сзэа c Sentence stress
In spoken English, the most important words for the speaker are strongly stressed. So there is often more than one ‘correct’ way of stressing a sentence, as it depends on the speaker’s meaning. Guess which words might be spoken with stronger stress in the sentences. Then listen to the sentences again and Underline the sentence stress (on page 117).
EXAMPLE MiChelle has a Job in a Shop selling casual Shoes, сзэа d Listen and repeat the sentences.
A First practise the sound /3/ in some of the words from this unit. Read the words aloud or visit the website to practise, usually unusual pleasure
^ )0 — Children’s film: Treasure Island ^. i 5 — News update: An Unusual Collision ~ 30 — Fashion show: Casual Clothes ~ 45 — Travel film: Crossing Asia — 15 — Do-it-yourself show: How to Measure
A New Garage
BLSO — Variety show: It’s a Pleasure
C Make as many sentences as you can about who’s watching what on TV tonight.
EXAMPLE At 8.30, Shaun’s watching a variety show called It’s a Pleasure. D Practise with a partner. Talk about which of the television programmes
Above you would like to watch. Also ask each other about what shows you usually watch.
IiXAMPLES What do you usually watch on Thursdays?
Would you like to watch the fashion show Casual ClothesI
We usually say thank you and reply to thank you with intonation going down at the end. When somebody says ‘Thank you’ for doing something, we sometimes reply, ‘It’s a PleasUre’, or ‘My PleasUre.’ Some other responses to thanks are: ‘You’re WelCome’. ‘That’s all Right,’ ‘That’s OK.’
C4i Practise ways of saying thank you and responses to thanks with intonation going down on the last strong stress. First listen and repeat the possible responses.
It’s a PleasUre. My PleasUre. You’re WelCome.
That’s all Right. That’s OK.
EXAMPLE A: Thank you for LendIng me your television.
B: It’s a PleasUre.
1 Thank you for mending my television.
2 Here’s your measuring tape. Thank you so much.
3 I finished ‘Treasure Island’. Thanks.
4 It was great to use your garage. Thanks a lot.
5 Thanks for the massage. It was great.
Look back over this unit at words with the target sound, and write what you noticed about how to spell the sound /3/.