UNIT 27

/К/ key

released

:ave a couple more of your caramel cookies,

_rse you can…. And some of my chocolate cake? ^ — mfc s. I like cake. But Γm allergic to chocolate.

;t sound /k/

A To make the target sound ∕k∕ first touch the back of the roof of your mouth with the back of your tongue. Then push air forward behind your tongue.

**Then quickly move your tongue away to release the air suddenly.** Don’t use your voice.

Listen and repeat: /k/.

B Notice that sometimes /k/ is quieter because the air isn’t suddenly. Listen.

Make music look book like likes

Omit from ** to ** above to make this quieter sound.

:-rtd k/

/k/

Coat

It’s a hairy coat.

Curl

He’s got a lovely curl.

Class

It’s a brilliant class.

Back

She’s got a strong back.

Crowing

It’s crowing.

Cιoa a In the words on page 97, notice that the target sound is quieter in the word Back. Listen and repeat the words.

Ctob b Listen to the sentences.

Sr cιoa c Sentence stress

First try to guess some of the answers to these questions about the sentences:

Are they all questions or statements?

Does the intonation go up or down?

Which sentences have an adjective + noun?

Which is the most important word for the speaker’s meaning?

Then listen to the sentences again and Underline the sentence stress (oι page 97).

EXAMPLE It’s a hairy Coat.

Cioa d Listen and repeat the sentences.

3 Dialogue

© a First practise the target sound ∕k∕ in words from the dialogue, plus some others. Read the words aloud or visit the website to practise.

∕k∕ is LOUD before a vowel.

Kate cup sky school course coffee cuckoo Karen OK

American excuse me

∕k∕ is also quite LOUD before T and, r’.

Cream cry crowd Christmas across class clean clear climb include

∕k∕ is often quiet at the end of a word.

Look walk ask quick black book work milk Mrs Clark plastic electric

What happens when the next word begins with a vowel? Do the two words join together? Is the ∕k∕ louder or quieter? look lookup walk walkalong

Ask ask anybody work work_out

Book book_out Mrs Clark Is Mrs Clark in?

Notice what happens when a quiet ∕k∕ at the end of a word is followed b a louder ∕k∕ at the beginning of the next word. Make the two sounds different. There can be a slight pause between the two sounds.

Black

Black cup

Quick

Quick question

Electric

Electric clock

Plastic

Plastic container

Like

Like cooking

Book

Book case

Speak

Speak clearly

Walk

Walk quickly

/k/ is quieter before most consonants (except T and ‘r,). Choose the correct heading from this box for each list of consonant clusters (1-5) below.

∕kt∕

∕kl∕

∕kw∕

∕kr∕

∕ks∕

1

2

3

4

S

Next

Picked

Quiet

Clock

Cricket

Exciting

Walked

Kwok

Class

Cream

Expensive

Worked

Question

Clever

Scream

Excuse me

Asked

Quality

Quickly

Microwave

Forks

Electric

Quite

Chocolate

Incredible

In which two lists 1-5 does /k/ sound louder?

Practise saying the clusters.

Look at the words in the box below and decide whether the target sound is loud (L) or quiet (Q).

EXAMPLE like (Q) coffee (L)

Milk ( ) cuckoo ( I ) Like ( ) next ( ) Kate ( ) fork ( ) make ( ) American ( ) carved ( ) call ( ) coffee ( ) plastic ( ) course ( ) cream ( )

Check your answers in the key before doing the next exercise, b Read the dialogue below and fill the gaps with the correct words from

The box above. 1-8 have a louder /k/. a-f have a quieter /k/. Numbers 1 and a) have been done as examples. Check your answers by listening to the dialogue.

— t-ckoo clock

KAREN COOK: Would you a) Like some cream in your l Coffee , Mrs Clark?

KATE CLARK: 2_______ me Kate, Karen.

KAREN COOK: OK Cream, . 3_____________ ?

KATE CLARK: No thanks, Karen. But I’d like a little b)________ . Thanks.

KAREN COOK: Would you like some little 4_________ cakes. Kate?

KATE CLARK: Thank you. Did you c)_________ them?

KAREN COOK: Yes. Take two. Here’s a cake d)________ , and here’s a…

KATE CLARK: Excuse me, Karen. But what’s that e)________ to your

Bookshelf? Is it a clock?

KAREN COOK: It’s an electric cuckoo clock. It’s 5_______ .

KATE CLARK: Is it f)_______ ?

KAREN COOK: Oh no, Kate. It’s a hand 6_________ wooden clock. It was very

Expensive.

KATE CLARK: Well, it’s exactly six o’clock now, and it’s very quiet. Doesn’t it sa ‘cuckoo’?

KAREN COOK: Of 7______ it does, Kate.. Look!

CLOCK: Cuckoo! Cuckoo! Cuckoo! Cuckoo! Cuckoo! 8.______ !

KATE CLARK: Fantastic! How exciting! What a clever clock! c Practise reading the dialogue aloud. Record your voice to compare your

Production of the target sound with the recording.

4 Sentence stress patterns

C 12 a Listen and repeat, (adjective + noun)

1 a Clean shelf

2 a Clean whisk

3 a Black cup

4 a PlasTic Ring

5 a dirty BattLe

6 an electric Clock

7 an exPenSive Cake

B Unjumble these sentences.

1 an it’s CuckOo electric clock

2 ring plastic it’s Key a

3 Egg dirty it’s whisk a

4 it’s bottle dirty a cola

5 expensive cake Cream an it’s

6 it’s Car comfortable coat a

7 book black a it’s aDdress

5 Spelling

Look back over this unit at words with the target sound, and write what you noticed about how to spell the sound ∕k∕.

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