ТЕКСТЫ К ЗАДАНИЯМ ПО АУДИРОВАНИЮ

1.1.1. Вы услышите 6 Высказываний. Установите соот­ветствие между высказываниями каждого говорящего 1-6 И утверждениями, данными в списке A—G. Используйте каждую букву, обозначающую утверждение, только один раз. В Задании есть одно лишнее утверждение. Вы услышите запись дважды. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу. У вас есть 20 Секунд, чтобы ознакомиться с заданием.

Now we are ready to start.

Speaker 1

Ninety-eight per cent of us in Britain have a TV set in our homes and, according to the experts, we rarely turn it off. In fact, the average viewer watches as much as 25 hours a week. Television informs, educates and entertains people. It also influences the way people look at the world and makes them change their views.

Speaker 2

Primary school teachers are complaining of youngsters’ inability to concentrate and their need to be constantly entertained. Some students do their homework in front of the television set. Others rush through their homework so they can watch television. It would seem that too much TV is to blame.

Speaker 3

Watching too much TV can lead to the ‘lodger’ syndrome. Some husbands come home, sit in front of the TV and simply don’t communicate with their families at all. Even when programmes contain nothing negative, it’s not really a good thing for so many families to spend whole evenings glued to the box.

Speaker 4

However, there is another side to the picture. For the lonely, elderly or housebound, television can be a good thing, being a cheap and convenient form of entertainment and a ‘friendly face’ in the house. It can be an ideal way to relax, without necessarily turning you into a TV addict.

Speaker 5

Television doesn’t just entertain, of course. There are times when it can be informative and can provide a source of good family con­versation, for example TV programmes featuring various cultural, historical, political and artistic issues. For example, The National Geographic documentaries have recently become very popular.

Speaker β

Informative, useful, entertaining and relaxing — and yes, banal and boring — television is all of these. But if we’re not selective, surely we have only ourselves to blame. TV can be a part of family life, but when it becomes all of it, maybe that’s the time to reach for the ‘off’ switch.

You have 15 seconds to complete the task. (Pause 15 seconds.)

Now you will hear the texts again. (Repeat.)

This is the end of the task. You now have 15 seconds to check your answers.

1.1.2. Вы услышите 6 Высказываний. Установите соот­ветствие между высказываниями каждого говорящего 1—6 И утверждениями, данными в списке A-G. Используйте каждую букву, обозначающую утверждение, только один раз. В Задании есть одно лишнее утверждение. Вы услышите запись дважды. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу. У вас есть 20 Секунд, чтобы ознакомиться с заданием.

Now we are ready to start.

Speaker 1

I’ve got a part-time job, which I do in the evening and at weekends. It’s quite a nice job really. I walk my neighbour’s dog. She had a car accident a couple of months ago and still can’t get about very well, so she can’t do it herself. I don’t earn a lot, but I
don’t mind because I really love the dog and I enjoy the exercise, except when it’s raining!

Speaker 2

I earn some extra money on the weekend by cleaning cars at the local garage. The garage owner is a friend of my dad. I clean the cars which he has for sale on the forecourt. He wants them to look as smart as possible so he can get the best price. The work isn’t very interesting, but it’s quite well-paid. I can usually earn up to thirty pounds, if I work hard — I get paid for each car I clean.

Speaker 3

I work in a fish and chip shop on Friday evening and all day Saturday. It’s apretty terrible job really. It’s so hot and stuffy and my clothes smell of cooking oil even after they’ve been washed! However, the people who come regularly here to buy their favourite dish, are usually friendly and I can have a good laugh with them and talk to them. I think this is the main reason why I haven’t left the job.

Speaker 4

I clean windows in my spare time. I started doing it about two years ago. First of all I did the houses near where I live. Most of the work I get is from people who see me cleaning. Luckily, at the present time more and more people are calling me, asking if I could do their windows as well. I don’t have to advertise to get business. The good thing about the job is that you can do it whenever you feel like it. I like being my own boss.

Speaker 5

I earn extra pocket money by babysitting. I do it most evenings for a neighbour. They have a two-year-old boy. He’s normally asleep when I arrive and he doesn’t often wake up during the evening. That’s great, because it means I can do my homework undisturbed. I don’t earn a lot — about three or four pounds for an evening, but it’s not really like work. If my neighbour doesn’t come home until very late-after midnight — I earn a lot more then.

Speaker β

I have a gardening job. I work for an old lady near where I live. She has a really beautiful garden surrounded by a high wall. She’s too old now to do any work herself, but she loves to have the garden
looking beautiful. I normally work there on Sundays. The biggest job is cutting the grass. Unfortunately she doesn’t have an electric mower, so it’s quite hard work and takes a long time. I like being in the fresh air and working as fast as I want.

You have 15 seconds to complete the task. (Pause 15 seconds.) Now you will hear the texts again. (Repeat.)

This is the end of the task. You now have 15 seconds to check

Your answers.

1.1.3. Вы услышите 6 Высказываний. Установите соот­ветствие между высказываниями каждого говорящего 1—6 И утверждениями, данными в списке A-G. Используйте каждую букву, обозначающую утверждение, только один раз. В Задании есть одно лишнее утверждение. Вы услышите запись дважды. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу. У вас есть 20 Секунд, чтобы ознакомиться с заданием.

Now we are ready to start.

Speaker 1

In Spain I lived in a flat ^vith students from the local university. In my drama class I met a Spanish girl who was looking for someone to speak English with. We became best friends and we spoke half the time in English, and half the time in Spanish. I also joined a gym and had great fun trying to do an aerobics class which was not a difficult task though the instructions were given in Spanish. On Sundays I went to the cinema and only watched Spanish films. Now I’m quite good at Spanish.

Speaker 2

I went to China to work as an English language teacher because I wanted to understand people who live in China. It took me a long time before I met local Chinese people with the same interests as I had. I met even more interesting people thanks to them. I had great fun and left China with a better understanding of the lifestyle of ordinary Chinese people.

Speaker 3

The first foreign language which I studied was French. I learnt it at a secondary school. Between school and university I spent three
months working on two farms in southern France. This helped me to speak easily in French and to get a rich vocabulary connected with farming. I can still speak and read in French quite well. However, my written French is rather bad.

Speaker 4

I have always been good at languages that’s why I studied French and German at high school. To brush up my French and German I took part in a few student exchange programmes. But then I thought that my chances of finding a good job might be improved if I chose a more unusual language. I considered Chinese, Japanese and Arabic. Finally I decided on Chinese and Japanese, which I studied at the University of Leeds. During my second year I spent a term studying Chinese in China, the other term studying Japanese in Osaka.

Speaker 5

I began learning Arabic because I planned to visit different Arabic-speaking countries, including Morocco. Using a textbook I learnt Arabic pronunciation, the Arabic script, a few words and a bit of grammar. Soon I spent some weeks in Morocco. Unfortunately I found out that my French was much more useful than the little Arabic I knew.

Speaker β

Many years ago I was given an Irish whistle as a birthday present. I liked it so much that soon I started to collect Irish tunes, songs and albums, it became my favourite occupation. I enjoyed listening to Irish music so much that I started playing it myself. As I listened to and played Irish music I got interested in the Irish language as well. And you see, my hobby led me to the decision to start learning the Irish language.

You have 15 seconds to complete the task. (Pause 15 seconds.)

Now you will hear the texts again. (Repeat.)

This is the end of the task. You now have 15 seconds to check your answers.

1.1.4. Вы услышите 6 Высказываний. Установите соот­ветствие между высказываниями каждого говорящего 16 И утверждениями, данными в списке А—G. Используйте каждую букву, обозначающую утверждение, Только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее утверждение. Вы услышите запись дважды. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу. У вас есть 20 Секунд, чтобы ознакомиться с заданием.

Now we are ready to start.

Speaker 1

Most of the homework that we get is pretty boring. A lot of it is just repeating what we’ve done in lessons. I usually don’t have any problems in any subjects at school and get quite high marks in tests, so I don’t see the point of spending hours doing it. I do the minimum so that I don’t get into trouble, but that’s all. I think it’s more important to pay attention in lessons and ask questions if there’s anything you don’t understand.

Speaker 2

For homework teachers normally ask us to finish off work that we’ve started in class. I work pretty hard in lessons and so I don’t usually have a lot to do when I get home. Sometimes though, I copy up the work again neatly, so that it looks better and is easier to revise from for exams. I like my work to look tidy and in fact my teachers always comment that it’s well presented.

SpeakerS

I usually stay on at school after lessons and do my homework in the resource centre. There’s plenty of space there and I can use the school computers as well. On some evenings the school also organizes a homework club and one or two teachers stay behind to help you if you need it. At home it’s difficult for me to concentrate. I don’t have a room of my own. I share a room with my younger brother and he wants to listen to music all the time.

Speaker 4

Myfriend says Γm a real ‘boffin’ and I suppose it’s true really. Γm a bit of a perfectionist. I spend a lot of time on my homework. I always want to be the best in the class. I don’t like wasting time either. I usually do any learning or reading homework on the bus on the way home and then I go up to my room and stay there till I’ve done everything. I can’t relax until I’ve finished it all.

Speaker 5

I don’t like doing homework on my own, so I always go round to my friend’s house and we work together there. Both her parents work late, so we have the house to ourselves till about seven o’clock. I like being able to talk about the homework together before we do it. This seems to work out well for both of us. We understand the work better now and both of us have improved our grades. We also do the work a lot quicker together and have time afterwards for a chat about other more important things!

Speaker β

I hate doing homework. I prefer to go out with my friends in the evening. That’s much more fun. Mybus usually gets to school about half an hour before lessons start and so I copy up the maths and science homework from my best friend. Those teachers are pretty strict so it’s best not to upset them too much! Most of the other teachers don’t seem to care if I do the work or not. I don’t like school much and I’m looking forward to leaving soon.

You have 15 seconds to complete the task. (Pause 15 seconds.)

Now you will hear the texts again. (Repeat.)

This is the end of the task. You now have 15 seconds to check your answers.

1.1.5. Вы услышите 6 Высказываний, Установите соот­ветствие между высказываниями каждого говорящего 1В И утверждениями, данными в списке А—G. Используйте каждую букву, обозначающую утверждение, Только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее утверждение. Вы услышите запись дважды. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу. У вас есть 20 Секунд, чтобы ознакомиться с заданием.

Now we are ready to start.

Speaker 1

OK, schoolchildren should wear uniforms. On their holidays they can wear clothes they like. They are pupils so they should do their best during the lessons. At school, uniforms help children concentrate on their work and behave accordingly. Pupils get their marks for their brains, not their sense of fashion or the price of their clothes.

Speaker 2

My primary school as well as high school had a lot of school limi­tations on uniforms, bags, shoes, socks, hair colour and so on. They were public schools with old traditions. The students were unhappy about their uniforms. The main reason why nowadays students don’t like school uniforms is because most schools choose horrible colours and styles that don’t suit young people at all.

Speaker 3

In my opinion students up to eleven years old should wear school uniforms. Wearing uniforms at this age is for the good of students. It stops all the arguments about who has the most fashionable or the best jeans and T-shirts. But when you are in high school you shouldn’t wear any uniform because you are old enough not to argue about your clothes.

Speaker 4

I don’t see anything bad about wearing a school uniform. In our school we have uniforms, school colours and even a school song, which was composed by students. We also wear uniforms in sport­ing competitions and academic contests, as we want everyone to know which school we are from.

Speaker 5

I don’t like to wear the same clothes as my classmates. Some day I will have to wear a uniform for work as a grown-up. Students shouldn’t be made to wear uniforms, as they look the same. I agree there should be some limitation on what students can wear and what clothes are forbidden. These limitations are important because sometimes students’ choices are bad.

Speaker β

I can’t say that I was bored with my usual look and my uniform but when I discovered that my school was having a day when we could dress as we please I decided to go for my own style! Somehow though, I guess I got the look Sooo wrong that when I showed up in the classroom the next day everybody started laughing at me. They told me that I looked like a parrot in my clothes. I felt terrible. I’ll never go for that look again.

You have 15 seconds to complete the task. (Pause 15 seconds.)

Now you will hear the texts again. (Repeat.)

This is the end of the task. You now have 15 seconds to check your answers.

1.2.1, Вы услышите разговор матери с сыном. Определите, какие из приведенных утверждений А1—А7 соответствуют содержанию текста (1 — True), Какие не соответствуют (2 — False) и о чем в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (3 — Not stated). Обведите номер выбранного вами вари анта ответа. Вы услышите запись дважды. У вас есть 20 Секунд, чтобы ознакомиться с заданиями.

Now we are ready to start.

Mother: Morning, Ted.

Ted: Good morning, Mum.

Mother: I’m making scrambled eggs. Shall I make some for you or would you rather have a sandwich?

Ted: No, thanks, Mum. I’ve already eaten. I got up early. Did you see some sandwiches? I made some sandwiches earlier. They were right here.

Mother: They’re in the fridge. You have enough sandwiches to feed a small army. Why don’t we do something together today?

Ted: Γm sorry, Mum. But Γm busy from morning till night.

Mother: Where are you going?

Ted: To the park.

Mother: Why? What’s happening at the park?

Ted: Don’t you remember, Mum? It’s Riverdale Day.

Mother: Oh, that’s right. Today’s the day when everyone helps clean up the town parks.

Ted: You know they’re doing something special to improve the playground area.

Mother: They want to make it bigger or smaller?

Ted: Not bigger, it’s big enough. Mostly they want to make it safer. Do you remember my friend Jimmy? He broke his arm on the playground last year.

Mother: Jimmy? The tall guy with freckles on his face? He has a job as a lifeguard at the town swimmimg pool. Right?

Ted: That’s right. Не and I will be working together today. Jimmy’s father is a builder, and he’s bringing a tractor to make the rough ground smooth. He doesn’t want Jimmy to break his arm again.

Mother: There must be something I can do to help you. I could do some painting or any other job.

Ted: Thanks, Mum, but you’ve been working so hard. You should just rest this weekend.

Mother: OK. Do a great job!

Ted: We will.

Mother: Take care.

Ted: Bye.

You have IS seconds to complete the task. (Pause 15 seconds.)

Now youTl hear the text again. (Repeat.)

This is the end of the task. You now have 15 seconds to check your answers.

1.2.2. Вы услышите разговор между друзьями. Определите, какие из приведенных утверждений А1—А7 соответствуют содержанию текста (1 — True), Какие не соответствуют (2 — False) и о чем в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (3 — Not stated), Обведите номер выбранного вами вари акта ответа. Вы услышите запись дважды, У вас есть 20 Секунд, чтобы ознакомиться с заданиями.

Now we are ready to start.

Ann: So, Bob, are you watching the finals of the tennis this weekend?

Bob: Um… no, I don’t think so.

Ann: Don’t you like tennis, then?

Bob: No. I can’t stand it. Sorry to sound so miserable! Ijust hate it.

Ann: I don’t watch it very often. But I watch the Wimbledon finals and the finals of the American Open. They’re only once a year after all and it’s really world-class tennis.

Bob: I can’t play although it has always been my dream, that’s my problem. I’m hopeless at it! I’ve had lessons, of course but they were a disaster. You know, if Γm not very good at a sport, I don’t like watching it. I just don’t feel any real involvement at all.

Ann: So what do you like, then?

Bob: I’m a member of a golf club. I play golf once or twice a week.

Ann: Oh, right. My father plays golf as well. The problem is we hear about it 24 hours a day. It’s his main topic of conversation. In fact, it’s probably his only topic at the moment.

Bob: You don’t play, then?

Ann: No. Γve tried a few times. I used to go to the club with my father and I had a few lessons with one of the golf professionals, but I’m not interested in it, really. It’s… not my cup of tea. I prefer to go horse riding.

Bob: Oh, right. So you have your own horse?

Ann: Well, not exactly! I go to a riding club not far from where I live and ride one of the horses there. It’s a lot cheaper than owning your own horse and a lot less work as well. You don’t have to brush it and clean it. And it’s all ready for you when you arrive. You just get on the horse and ride it for an hour. That’s all. You haven’t got any other responsibilities.

Bob: Yeah, that sounds good fun. I like the idea of just getting on the horse and then handing the horse back when you’ve finished riding. You know, I think I’d like to have a go at it.

Ann: Well, why don’t you come with me the next time I go? They organise special classes for beginners most days.

You have 15 seconds to complete the task. (Pause 15 seconds.)

Now you will hear the text again. (Repeat.)

This is the end of the task. You now have 15 seconds to check your answers.

1.2.3. Вы услышите радиопередачу о звездах рок музыки. Определите, какие из приведенных утверждений А1-А7 соот­ветствуют содержанию текста (1 — True), Какие не соот­ветствуют (2 — Falee )ио чем в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать ни положительного, ни отрица тельного ответа (3 — Not stated). Обведите номер выбранного вами варианта ответа. Вы услышите запись дважды. У вас есть 20 Секунд, чтобы ознакомиться с заданиями.

Now we are ready to start.

Interviewer: Around the world young people are spending unbelievable sums of money to listen to rock music. “Forbes

Magazine” claims that at least fifty rock stars have incomes of between two million and six million dollars per year. Today we’ll discuss the lifestyle of rock stars with the person who knows all about it, MTV producer Jack Jackson.

Jack Jackson: “It doesn’t make sense,” says JohnnyMathis, one of the older music millionaires, who made a million dollars a year when he was most popular, in the 1950s. “Performers aren’t Worth this kind of money. In fact, nobody is.” But the rock stars’ admirers seem to disagree. Those who love rock music spend about two billion dollars a year for records. They pay 150 million to see rock stars in person.

Interviewer: Some observers think the customers are buying more than music.

Jack Jackson: Absolutely. Rock music has a special appeal because no real training is needed to produce it. There is no gulf between the audience and the performer. Every boy and girl in the audience thinks, “I could sing like that.” So rock has become a new kind of religion, a new form of worship. Young people are glad to pay to — worship a rock star because it is a way of worshipping themselves.

Interviewer: Luck is a key word for explaining the success of many. In 1972 one of the luckiest was Don McLean, who wrote and sang “American Pie.” Mc Lean earned more than a million dollars from recordings of “American Pie.”

Jack Jackson: Well, records provide only part of a star’s income. Around the world young listeners soon want to see the star in movies, on television, and in person.

Neil Young, who performs in torn blue jeans, sometimes sings to an audience of 10,000, each of whom has paid at least fifteen dollars for a ticket. After paying expenses, Young leaves with about $120,000 in his pocket at the end of an evening.

Interviewer: How do the rock stars use their money? What do they do when the money starts pouring in like water?

Jack Jackson: Most young stars simply throw their money around. England’s Elton John gave someone a $38,000 Rolls-Royce automobile and bought himself a $5,000 pair of eyeglasses that light up and spell E-L-T-O-N. He also bought himself two cars, “one for each foot.”

In the end, a rock star’s life is unrewarding. After two or three years riches and fame are gone. Left with his memories, and his tax
problems, the lonely ex-performer spends his remaining years trying to impress strangers. New stars have arrived to take his place.

You have 15 seconds to complete the task. (Pause 15 seconds.)

Now you’ll hear the text again. (Repeat.)

This is the end of the task. You now have 15 seconds to check your answers.

1.2.4. Вы услышите разговор между друзьями. Определите, какие из приведенных утверждений Al—А7 соответствуют содержанию текста (1 — True), Какие не соответствуют (2 — False) и о чем в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (3 — Not stated). Обведите номер выбранного вами вари анта ответа. Вы услышите запись дважды. У вас есть 20 Секунд, чтобы ознакомиться с заданиями.

Now we are ready to start.

Sam: So Anna, what do you think of Phuket, in Thailand?

Anna: Fantastic! The beaches on the island are amazing. I couldn’t believe it when I first saw them.

Sam: And how do the beaches compare with say, the beaches in the south of France?

Anna: Well, you know, Sam, it’s very difficult to make a com­parison like that, but one obvious thing is the colour of the sea. The sea in France looks a greenish grey colour and the sea around Phuket is a beautiful pale blue. And the weather in Phuket is so hot in December!

Sam: Yes, of course, December is one of the warmest months in Thailand, isn’t it?

Anna: Yes, that’s right.

Sam: Γd like to go, actually… maybe not this year, but… pos­sibly next year.

Anna: To Thailand?

Sam: Yes, to Phuket. What’s the best time of year to visit?

Anna: October through to April is a very hot period of the year. Any time then would be fine, I think.

Sam: So during the Christmas holidays would be an ideal time then?

Anna: Yes. You can have Christmas dinner on the beach, no problem!

Sam: So, what are the best places to see there?

Anna: As I’ve already said the nicest parts of the island are the beaches. There are dozens of them. Big busy ones and small isolated ones. There are also lots of temples which are all very beautiful.

Sam: Do you need a car, to travel around? I would like to see as much as possible.

Anna: Yes, you can hire a car or a motorbike if you like or just a taxi. That’s what a lot of people do. They’re usually very cheap. Just make sure you agree the price, though, before you start the journey.

Sam: Oh, right. And can you recommend any hotels?

Anna: Yes sure, I can give you some good addresses.

Sam: I haven’t got a lot of money.

Anna: All the hotels where I stayed were really cheap and had hot and cold running water, a telephone and a colour TV set. I once stayed somewhere for less than two pounds a night!

Sam: Really? Was it okay?

Anna: Yes, absolutely fine. It even had air conditioning.

You have 15 seconds to complete the task. (Pause 15 seconds.)

Now you will hear the text again. (Repeat.)

This is the end of the task. You now have 15 seconds to check your answers.

1.3.1. Вы услышите рассказ молодого человека о его опыте обучения в школе пилотов. В заданиях А8-Л14 обведите цифру Ii 2 Или 3, Соответствующую номеру выбранного вами вариан та ответа. Вы услышите запись дважды. У вас есть 50 Секунд, чтобы ознакомиться с заданиями.

Now we are ready to start.

Recently I’ve got my pilot’s license for a single engine aircraft. I got interested in flying a plane because of… You see our chemistry teacher in high school was also an instructor. He was completely fanatical about aircrafts. He knew that my father had a plane, just the one he had always wanted to have. It was a good plane! Strangely, my father had never suggested that I go on an aviation science. I guess

I would have never learnt to fly a plane but for my teacher. Thanks to him I went to the local airport. There I took a discovery flight for 20 dollars. The day was beautiful, the sky was clear when we did it. The instructors were nice. They fly you around and when you’re in the air they let you actually handle the plane. For a minute or two I was controlling the aircraft, which was great! Unfortunately, my dad had never allowed me to handle his plane. So I signed up right away to be on my track to getting my license. They said it’d take about a year or a little more, for some people it takes a lot longer to get their license. There’s a minimum of fifty-five hours of flight time. You have to fly at night, to do solo time and all that stuff. So I started off and I was doing pretty well. I enjoyed the course immensely.

Time flies. It was the end of the school year and my final exams were fast approa’ching. I still had a month and a half before I was supposed to get my license. I was planning on getting my license around the same time when I was supposed to go off to college. My actual instructor had left somewhere so I got a new one. My new instructor started quizzing me on the stuff that I was supposed to know and I was like “Have never heard about it” and he was like “You’re supposed to have learned these chapters by now”. He expected that my old instructor had told me like “Learn this chapter for the beginning of October and that chapter for the middle of November”, but he hadn’t. So I had to take a written test on all the theory behind the flying. I really had to study hard for my test in a week. Luckily, I passed it and I got eighty-two points. You had to get seventy points or above to pass. Eighty-two is nothing to be proud of actually. It was a pretty easy test but eighty-two is just fine with me. And then it turned out that I needed more hours of flying because they had changed the regulations on getting a license a week before I was going to get my license. That meant that I had to keep flying with my instructor on weekends. It was really annoying and that took another five months. I remember being completely heartbroken and there was a time when I was ready to quit the whole thing but then… my family was like “We are not wasting all this money for you not to get your license”. All in all it probably totalled about a little over three thousand dollars to get my license.

One day I had to do an extended flight for I think three hundred miles. My instructor made me do some things that are really nerve wracking, and they made me sick in my stomach. I really hated doing
them and I was really glad that we stopped at the point when we did it because I was feeling pale and cold and not in good condition. At last my instructor said “All right you’ve passed the test, just land the plane.” Finally I got my license. Γve had it for nine months now, yeah nine months, and I haven’t flown much since then. But Γm planning on going to the nearby airport here at college and getting checked out so I can fly on a regular basis once a month or once a week if time permits.

You have 15 seconds to complete the task. (Pause 15 seconds)

Now you will hear the text again. (Repeat)

This is the end of the task. You now have 15 seconds to check your answers.

This is the end of the Listening Test.

1.3.2. Вы услышите интервью с иммигрантом из Кении. Вы полните задания А8-А14, обведя цифру 1, 2 Или 3, Соответст­вующую номеру выбранного вами варианта ответа. Вы услыши те запись дважды. У вас есть 50 Секунд, чтобы ознакомиться с заданиями.

Now we are ready to start.

Can you tell me where you were born and about your family?

Iwasbornin Nairobi, Kenya, in 1934. Iwas one of eight children. My mother didn’t go to work, she was a housewife, but my father was a tailor, a master tailor. He used to make clothes privately for people. And it was a very, very hard time for him to support us financially. The size of the family probably made it doubly hard and the allowances for children were very small. They didn’t really help. I think it was made even harder because my father was self — employed and he worked from home. I don’t think this gave him any financial stability, as there were days when there were no clients. We just had to live from hand to mouth from day to day. Yes, I think those were very hard times for my parents.

What was this area like where your house and workshop were?

The area had lots of terraced houses. They were very simple. Our house had a veranda in front, two rooms, and a veranda at the back. This was because of the tropical weather. They gave some sort of shade. The primitive kitchen was located in a courtyard. No
electricity, no gas, and there was only a pipe for water which was a communal one. Everyone used to bring water in buckets into the house. The area was residential. It was about say an hour’s walking distance to the railway station. And schools were quite far away from there.

Where did you go to school?

Well, it was one of the well-known British Government Primary Schools with a team of qualified and experienced teachers. It later changed to the Duke of Gloucester School just because the Duke of Gloucester happened to go there as a visitor one day. The school was a very nice place and beautifully designed too. All by English architects here in Kenya, and most of the materials were shipped from England. I was very happy there overall. And I think I got a very good standard of education there as well. I remember well the day when the Duke came to school. When I think back about that, it makes me laugh. In my opinion, some officials just wanted to mειke themselves look important. Everybody wanted to shake the Duke’s hand. Maybe I’m being cynical, but on reflection, I don’t think the officials really behaved very nicely. Their behaviour was very false, I think. They just wanted to show themselves in a good light.

When you were at school, I mean did you learn much about Britain and about London?

Yes. I did learn about the history of Great Britain. Very little was taught to us about Kenya itself. I also learned about the history of the world. Things like that, but very little of my own culture or history. You might wonder if that puzzled us, but I can honestly say that at that time we were not bothered about it. I honestly think that we just got on with whatever we were told to do. I never realized that things could or should have been any different.

What was life at home like at this time?

Life was quite difficult. There wasn’t much money coming in and we were very much restricted in food. There was plenty of cheap fruit available, like bananas and oranges. But sometimes we wished we could afford things like ham or cheese, but it never became an obsession. We just thought it would be nice to have some luxury things. I think that would be the normal reaction of any child. I don’t think we were exceptional in that.

Were your friends mainly from school?

Oh yes, yes. They were mostly from school. As soon as we came home we used to go out and play until mother got very angry and called us in. I loved that time after school when we were free just to do whatever we wanted. School rules were quite strict, you know, and we had to behave well and sit still a lot. So it was great just to be wild for a bit.

You have 15 seconds to complete the task. (Pause 15 seconds.)

Now you will hear the text again. (Repeat.)

This is the end of the task. You now have 15 seconds to check your answers.

This is the end of the Listening Test.

1.3.3. Вы услышите интервью, которое школьница берет у своей бабушки дляшкольнойрадиогазеты, В заданиях А8—Al4 Обведите цифру Ii 2 Или 3, Соответствующую выбранному вами варианту ответа. Вы услышите запись дважды. У вас есть 50 Секунд, чтобы ознакомиться с заданиями.

Grandmother Rlaine

Interviewer: My grandmother grew up on a farm in Nebraska. I wanted to interview her not only because she has a great story, but also to learn more about her past. I will try to make it a real interview, not just a chat with a grandma. So, my first question: What is your name and birthplace?

Grandmother: I go by Elaine, but my real name is Helen Elaine. I was born April 8, 1933 in Guide Rock, Nebraska on a farm. I had an older sister and two younger brothers.

Interviewer: Why do you go by your middle name?

Grandmother: My mother, my dad’s sister, and my uncle’s wife were all named Helen. Can you imagine the chaos! I chose to be called Elaine so that I wouldn’t be confused during family get-togethers.

Interviewer: What was your school like?

Grandmother: Well, the stories you hear your parents tell were actually true… we walked three miles to school and three miles back! During the summer the walk wasn’t bad, but in winter our feet would freeze! When we got to the one-room schoolhouse, I remember my teacher would always bring me a bucket of warm water to soak my feet. Boy, was I lucky! Since it only had one room, we interacted with the older kids, which was nice because we got to hear them recite.

Interviewer: When you got home, did you have chores to do?

Grandmother: Of course! We all had specific tasks. My sister and I cleaned the dining room, which had hardwood floors like every room in the house. I was always upset because I had to wax the floors on my hands and knees and dust the furniture! My sister, since she was older, only had to dust the shelves. After our chores were done, we sat down as a family to eat. Then, I had to dry the dishes. My father always sent me to my room for bed at 6:30.1 was never able to figure out what you would call my room. I guess you could call it a closet!

Interviewer: What was high school like?

Grandmother: Well, we finally had a bus to ride that I caught every morning at seven a. m. In high school there were no athletics for girls. Boys had football, basketball and track. There were school dances, but not quite as fancy as the ones you have. I never really had enough rhythm to dance, but I tried!

Interviewer: Did you ever get to go to college?

Grandmother: My parents never mentioned college to me because we had no money. After high school I worked at the Farmers Union Creamery as a secretary. One day my boss came to see me and told me that I was going to college. I was confused and said, “No, I’m not, we can’t afford it.”

He made the arrangements and drove me to a college 150 miles away. I still do not know where the money came from. My major was home economics education. As a student, I worked at the creamery, and also at the cafeteria at the school.

Interviewer: Did you follow through with your teaching career?

Grandmother: Yes, I was a home economics teacher for 30 years.

Interviewer: After all your struggles, did you build a family?

Grandmother: Yes, I married a nice man and had five lovely kids and I now have nine beautiful grandchildren. I am very proud of my family. There were many funny times when my children were growing up. Once your Uncle Danny told your Aunt Cathy that the cigarette lighter in the car smelled like cherries and she burnt her nose. At the time those moments weren’t as funny as they are now when we look back on them. All of this was worth the problems I struggled with growing up.

1.3.4. Вы услышите интервью с иммигрантом из Австралии. Выполните задания А8—А14, Обведя цифру 1,2 Или 3, Соответс­твующую номеру выбранного вами варианта ответа. Вы услы­шите запись дважды. У вас есть 50 Секунд, чтобы ознакомиться с заданиями.

Now we are ready to start.

Interviewer: John9 what image did you have of England before you came here to live?

John: I knew something about England because my grandpar­ents came from England. But like other people who had left their country and settled down here, in Australia, they really didn’t talk a lot about England. I think they’d accepted their new country as their home. I think they thought they were being disloyal to their adopted country if they started talking about their former home too positively or too often. You know, I think they wanted to show that they were like everybody else. Probably they wanted to prove to everybody that they were fully integrated.

Int.: Did you know much about the royal family?

John; Yes, I think most people did. And every week the newspa­pers used to have big photographs of the Royal Family. I suppose in­wardly I was quite proud of them all although there were all kinds of attitudes. I thought they were all pretty splendid people to respect, but I didn’t say much to my friends. I kept my thoughts very much to myself. You know, you don’t want to appear out of line with what your friends think.

Int.: John9 what made you first start thinking about coming to England? How did it happen?

John: I had a lot of friends in Australia who were travelling around the world. They even invited me to come along a couple of times. After hearing about their adventures in distant places, I think I felt left out and left behind. I was leading an ordinary life. That was the last thing I wanted so I went down to the British Embassy where I was informed that if I could prove that my grandparents or my parents were born in England then I would have no problems in getting in.

In⅛.: What did, I mean what was the reaction of your family and friends to the idea of coming to England?

John: They were just shocked. You know, I think deep down they still thought I wasn’t prepared for the adult life. However, I had spent two years in Sydney, in college, so I guess I had proved to them that I could look after myself. In the long run, they agreed that I had to live my own life.

Int.: So, what was this, what was the actual journey by sea like?

John; Oh, that was not bad at all although it was not quite what I had hoped for. We were supposed to leave on New Year’s Eve. However, there was a strike and we didn’t leave until New Year’s Day. And the voyage was extremely lengthy. I mean the first port was Sydney. We stopped in Sydney and picked up people there. After a few hours delay, we finally set off. We then went via South Africa and we hit some very bad weather there. Some passengers were really terrified, but I can’t say that it bothered me a lot. I trusted the captain and the crew.

In⅛.: Do you remember any of the people you travelled with, the other people in your cabin?

John: Yes. There was one called Pete and one called Dan. We parted company when we arrived in England. I’ve never kept in touch with them since. I suppose we didn’t have anything substantial in common; the relationship was pretty superficial. Although I should say we made the best of the time we had together.

Int.: Where did you arrive in England?

John: In Portsmouth I think. Then I got the train to London. I guess I stayed there for about a year doing odd jobs. I also learnt that being a non-resident of the UK I could only hope to get temporary work. And then I started moving in and out and travelling around so that I could get my entry visa. One of the requirements at the time was that I had to prove that I had sufficient money to live on. So, each time I left I had to prove that I had money when I came back into the country. And ειfter three years of this, I decided that I would apply for permanent residence in England.

1.3.5. Вы услышите интервью с художницей. Выполните зада­ния А8—Al 4, Обведя цифру 1,2 Или 3, Соответствующую номеру выбранного вами варианта ответа. Вы услышите запись дважды. У вас есть 50 Секунд, чтобы ознакомиться с заданиями.

Now we are ready to start.

Int.: Now you’re an artist. How do you describe yourself, Jess?

Jess: … a painter primarily, though it’s just a word, I think. Artist… I find quite… I find it quite a strange term to say, I don’t know why. It sounds quite pretentious for me. In fact, my profes­sional qualifications are in drama, if you like. I graduated from Lon­don University about ten years ago and have a Master’s degree in Drama. But I describe myself as a painter, more because it’s a verb. I do lots of drawing, lots of painting, I’ve also made some short films and written a number of things for the stage. I’m interested in quite a large spectrum of the Arts.

Int.: Now you’ve changed countries, presumably you’re a lot happier in this environment. Can you see a difference in your work, in your creative process?

Jess: Yeah, I can, I can, very much so. You know… I had been very heavily involved in community relations before I moved. I got wrapped up in influences and peer pressures and whatever was go­ing on around me. I wasn’t feeling happy, so I quit. Moving to a new place has meant that I don’t have any of that now… Therefore I have a lot more space in my head and a lot more time to myself. It’s think­ing time, time… for creation.

Int.: What do you like about the environment here?

Jess: The endless number of museums is the obvious one, and the architecture, and the city itself… and the light that I’m most surprised at. I know British artists always move for the light, and I’ve travelled a lot myself. So I am aware of light, I understand how important it is. But I didn’t realise how much of a difference it would make… As far as painting’s concerned, the way I see shades and colours now makes a big difference.

Int.: You’ve just had quite a successful exhibition, haven’t you?

Jess: Yeah.

Int.: Why do you think that worked? Was it advertised?

Jess:… Actually no. It was in a friend’s house, who has a couple of pieces of my work, she happens to be the most popular type of person who is going to buy art in my price range, somebody who’s doing quite well in their career, young and ambitious. I could hardly afford advertising. So all the people who came were her friends who were the same type of people, the people with the money, if you Uke. They’ve got spare cash. And they liked my paintings. I showed my most commercial and ambitious pieces as well. And it was funny because the pieces that they chose, were the pieces I liked least.

Int.: You least like your most commercial pieces?

Jess: Yeah. My most ambitious pieces or my most progressive pieces, where the painting is far superior, weren’t even mentioned, weren’t even looked at. Whereas the stuff Γd call… almost interior design, wallpaper, simply patterns, nice colours, I could sell all day.

Int.: How do you feel… when you sell a favourite piece of work, something you’ve put your heart and soul into?

Jess: I think it depends on who I sell it to. If I sell pieces to some people who are buying them because it’s an original piece of art, and they just want their sitting rooms to look beautiful… I feel quite unhappy, but I let them go because I have to make money. I mean, if I sell them to somebody who sees exactly what I see in them or appreciates exactly what I made them for, then I sell them for less.

Int.: Do you feel a sense of loss?

Jess: … No, I don’t think so. I mean, I’ve been working as an artist for ten years, and maybe initially it was different, but not now. I do it because I enjoy the doing, I like the making, what goes through your head and soul and the journey to the end, not necessarily the end result. When I look at my paintings I easily remember the journey, and I think that what I’m really interested in, is hardly the end result or the main idea.

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