Additional review task using dialogues from Units 45-49

Unit

44

45

46

47

48

Target sound

∕m∕

∕n∕

∕η∕

/1/

∕r∕

Mouth

Nose

Ring

Letter

Rain

Ball

From the table above, choose any target sounds that you had difficulty with.

1 Listen again to the dialogue in that unit, listening for the target sound.

2 Circle the target sound in any word in the dialogue.

3 Listen to the dialogue again and check your answers.

4 Check your answers in the key.

5 Listen to the dialogue again, listening for the target sound.

6 Practise reading the dialogue aloud, comparing your production of the target sound with the recording.

You can also use this review task as a quick self-test, by doing steps 2 and only.

OVERVIEW

Card game: Overview minimal pairs snap

∙. at Photocopy and cut out cards from all minimal pairs in Units 1-49, or from units you have had difficulty with.

Shuffle the cards and deal them face down to make a pile of cards in front of each player.

Take turns to quickly turn your top card face up on top of a new pile in the centre of the table. When you see two cards appear that are a minimal pair, quickly say ‘Snap!’ and put your hand on the pile. Then you can add all those cards to your pile.

Collect all the cards you can in a time limit, e. g. ten minutes.

TEST

< net 1 For each line (1, 2, 3,4, 5, 6, 7), first listen to the whole line, then circle the one word that is said twice. Meaning is not important in this exercise. The purpose is to review the sounds by hearing them in contrast. Some of the words are rarely used in everyday English. This is shown by an asterisk*. Incomplete words have the rest of the word written in brackets, E. g.fou(nd).

/i:/

∕ι∕

∕e∕

/ж/

∕λ∕

∕αι∕

1

Beat

Bit

Bet

Bat

But

Bart

∕n∕

Ы

∕o∕

/u:/

/3:/

2

Cod

Cord

Could

Cooed

Curd

∕eι∕

∕aι∕

∕oι∕

∕aυ∕

∕eu∕

∕ιa∕

/еэ/

3

A

1

Oy!

Ow!

Oh!

Ear

Air

∕p∕

∕b∕

∕t∕

∕d∕

∕k∕

/9/

4

P

B

T

D

Key

Ghee*

∕s∕

∕z∕

∕∫∕

/3/

∕tj∕

∕d3∕

5

So

Zo(ne)

Show

Cho(sen)

Joe

∕f∕

∕v∕

∕w∕

∕j∕

∕h∕

∕θ∕

∕δ∕

6

Fee

V

We

Ye*

He

The(sis)

Thee*

∕m∕

∕n∕

∕r∣∕

/1/

∕rZ

7

Pam

Pan

Pang*

Pal

Par(agraph)

2 Intonation

Draw the correct intonation arrow ( or ) in each box.

1 I [ end of statement ∕ WH question I command ∕ ‘agreement’ tag I

Less friendly I new information

2 I I Yes/No question I unfinished statement I surprised I

‘unsure’ tag I friendly ∕ old information

3 English sounds

The purpose of this exercise is not to teach you how to make English sounds, but to give you an overview from a different perspective of how English sounds are made.

Match the sounds in A (1-7) with the descriptions in B (a-g) of how to make the sounds. The first has been done as an example.

B

A) ‘diphthongs’ — made of two vowel sounds

B) ‘long vowels’ — a longer sound

C) ‘short vowels’ — a shorter sound

D) ‘nasals’ — air coming through the nose

‘lateral’ — air coming around the sides of the tongue

E) ‘approximants’ — air moving between two parts of the mouth which are not so close to each other

F) ‘fricatives’ — air moving between two parts of the mouth which are very close to each other

G) ‘plosives’ or ‘stops’ — air released suddenly

‘affricates’ — air released slowly

…⅛,……………………………

; f You can use this mask to just look at the minimal pair pictures 1 and really listen to the sounds first.

! You can also revise difficult sounds using the mask.

; (e. g. 1 Mask on — listen and repeat. 2 Mask off — read aloud.

I 3 Mask on — remember and say aloud. 4 Mask off- read aloud to check.)

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