2. Модальные глаголы

Выберите правильный вариант.

Тест 1

-______(1) you retell this text in English right now?

— Unfortunately I______(2).______(3) to do this I

______(4) to repeat some words which I______(5).

A) b) c) d)

1can 1can 1. must 1. shall

2. can’t 2. can’t 2. can’t 2. can’t

3. to be able 3. be able 3. to be able 3. to be able

4. have 4. have 4. must 4. can

5. need — 5. need 5. can 5. need

Тест 2

He______(1) write in German, but he______(2) to

Speak the language fluently. He______(3) to listen to many

Tapes ______(4) to understand native speakers when he

______(5) to work in Germany.

A) b) c) d)

1. can 1. can 1. can 1. is able

2. isn’t able 2. can’t 2. isn’t able 2. isn’t able

3. ’11 have 3. ’11 have 3. ’11 have 3. ’11 have

4. to be able 4. to be able 4. to be able 4. to be able 5.’11 have 5. has 5. has 5. has

Тест 3

-______(1) I come in?

— No, you______(2) because the bell has already rung.

— Oh, I’m sorry.______(3) I go to the dean’s office for

Permission?

— No, you______(4). You______(5) join us after the

Break.

A) b) c) d)

1. shall l. may l. may 1. may

2. mustn’t 2. must 2. mustn’t 2. mustn’t

3. shall 3. shall 3. shall 3. shall

4. needn’t 4. needn’t 4. need 4. needn’t

5. may 5. may 5. may 5. may

Тест 4

If you______(1) to work much, you______(2) to go in

For sports. If you______(3) to go in for sports, you______(4)

Become unfit. So, you______(5) decide what is better.

A) c)

1.’11 have 1. have

2. won’t be able 2. won’t be able

3. aren’t able 3. aren’t able

4. may 4. may

5. must 5. must

B) d) l. have l. have

2. aren’t able 2. won’t be able

3. aren’t able 3. won’t be able

4. may 4. may

5. must 5. must

Тест 5

My friend and I______(1) to do a part-time job______(2)

To make a trip to the Far East. But yesterday my friend said

He______(3) go there because he______(4) to look after

His sister who______(5) be seriously ill.

A) b)

1 must l. had

2. to be able 2. to be able

3. couldn’t 3. couldn’t

4. would have 4. would have

5. might 5. might

Тест 10

— The plane to Boston______(I) to take off in 15 min­utes. ______(2) you do me a favour? ______(3) I pass

Through the Customs without checking my suitcase?

— I’m sorry you______(4). .Ml passengers______(5)

Open their suitcases.

A) b) c) d)

L. is l. will l. is l. is

2. could 2. can 2. could 2. could

3. may З. тау 3. shall 3. may

4. may not 4. may not 4. may not 4. may

5. must 5. must 5. must 5. must

Тест 1 1

—______(1) you______(1) to go to work earlier yester­day?

— Yes, I did. But I was late because I______(2) get up on

Time.

— What about tomorrow?______(3) you______(3) to

Wake up early again? I think I ______(4) because it

______(5) be a day off.

A) c)

1. do, have 1. did, have

2. couldn’t 2. couldn’t

3. will, have 3. do, have

4. must not 4. mustn’t

5. may 5. may

B) d)

1. did, have 1. did, have

2. couldn’t 2. couldn’t

3. will, have 3. will, have

4. mustn’t 4. must

5. may 5. has

Тест 1 2

— (1) I help you?

— Please, do. 1 ______(2) shut the door. The lock

______(3) be out of order. Yesterday I______(4) lock the

Door either and I______(5) to ask for help.

A) b) c) d)

Lean Lean Lean Lean

2. can’t 2. must 2. can’t 2. am not able

3. must 3. must 3. should 3. should

4. couldn’t 4. couldn’t 4. could 4. couldn’t

5. had 5. had 5. had 5. had

Тест 1 3

—______(1) you like some drink?

— Yes, please. I______(2) take a cup of coffee without

Sugar. Doctors say I______(3) eat too much sugar. What is

Worse I______(4) give up eating salty food. It is difficult be­cause I______(5) do without salt.

A) b) c) d)

1. would 1. would 1. would 1. would

2. have 2. will 2. will 2. will

3. mustn’t З. сап 3. mustn’t 3. mustn’t

4. must 4. must 4. can 4. must

5. can’t 5. can’t 5. can’t 5. can’t

Тест 1 4

Dick (1) sing very well but he______(2) read

Music. I think he ______(3) take the lessons of music

____(4) to read it. This______(5) help him to become a

Professional singer.

A) b) с) d)

1. is able 1 can 1. can 1. can

2. can’t 2. can’t 2. can’t 2. need

3. should 3. ought 3. should 3. should

4. to be able 4. to be able 4. to be able 4. to be able

5. may 5. may 5. may 5. may

Тест 1 5

-______(1) I borrow your newspaper for a minute?

— Yes, you______(2). But you______(3) give it back to

Me since 1______(4) it to wrap the bunch of flowers which

______(5) fade.

A) b) c) d)

L. may 1. shall l. may l. may

2. may. 2. may 2. should 2. may

3. must 3. must 3. need 3. must

4. need 4. need 4. must 4. ’11 have

5. mustn’t 5. mustn’t 5. mustn’t 5. mustn’t

Тест 16

You (1)______to be respectful when you______(2) to

Make a trip in Afganistan. And namely you______(3) greet

Someone with the left hand. Besides you______(4) praise

Any thing in your host’s house because according to the old

Custom they______(5) to give what you liked to you.

A) b) c) d)

L. must 1. ought bought 1. ought

2. have 2. have 2. must 2. have

3. mustn’t 3. mustn’t 3. shouldn’t 3. needn’t

4. shouldn’t 4. shouldn’t 4. mustn’t 4. oughtn’t

5. ought 5. ought 5. ought 5. ought

Тест 17

I______(1) your help. Tomorrow I______(2) to go

Away for a fortnight. My dog______(3) be fed twice a day.

— I’m sorry I______(4), but you______(5) ask some­body else to take care of your pet.

A) b) c) d)

L. need l. need l. need l. need

2. must 2. ’11 have 2. ’11 have 2. ’11 have

3. must 3. must 3. needs 3. must

4. can’t 4. can’t 4. can’t 4. couldn’t

5. may 5. may 5. may 5. may

Тест 1 8

-______(1) you______(1) to study hard last week?

— Yes, I did. I______(2) to write the composition which

I______(3) to give my teacher today.

— I suppose you______(4) be in a hurry because the

Teacher______(5) be ill.

A) b) c) d)

1. do, have 1. did, have 1. did, have 1. did, have

2. had 2. had 2. had 2. had

3. am 3. must 3. am 3. am

4. need not 4. need not 4. needed 4. need not

5. may 5. may 5. may 5. may

Тест 1 9

Yesterday I______(1) to do my homework late at night

Because before I______(2) to go to the library to look

Through some necessary material. Only then I______(3)

Proceed to home assignments. I______(4) to do all of them,

Since I was tired. But the other day I______(5) do every­thing early in the morning.

A) b) с) d)

L. must l. had l. had l. had

2. needed 2. need 2. needed 2. needed

3. could 3. could 3. could 3. couldn’t

4. wasn’t able 4. wasn’t able 4. wasn’t able 4. was able

5. could 5. could 5. could 5. could

Тест 2Oi

Today my elder brother______(1) to do a lot of things. I i

______(2) help him if I______(3) take his car. But he re-‘

Fused to give it to me. He thought he______(4) do on his

Own instead of______(5) to pay fines for my bad driving

A) b) c) d)

L. has l. has l. has l. has

2. could 2. can 2. could 2. could

3. might 3. might 3. may 3. might

4. could 4. can 4.can 4. can

5. having 5. having 5. having 5. having

Тест 21

My friend______(1) understand that she______(2) read

A lot of books to pass her Literature exam, that she

______(3) to take in three days. I am sure she______(4) to

Reread all the books she______(5).

A) b) c) d)

1. can’t 1. can’t 1. can’t 1. can’t

2. ought 2. must 2. must 2. must

3. ’11 have 3. ’11 have 3. has 3. ’11 have

4. isn’t able 4. isn’t able 4. isn’t able 4. isn’t able

5. needs 5. needs 5. needs 5. need

Тест 22

If Dick______(1) start the revision period much earlier

He______(2) hope for better results. He______(3) to worry

About the shortage of time______(4) for thorough prepara­tions. I believe he______(5) take a more serious approach to

His studies.

A) c) 1can 1. could

2. might 2. might

3. didn’t have 3. didn’t have

4. needed 4. needed

5. should 5. should

B) d)

1. could 1. could

2. might 2. may

3. didn’t have 3. didn’t have

4. needed 4. needed

5. ought 5. should

Тест 23

-______(1) you explain this rule once again?

— No, I______(2) because I______(3) a lot of time to

Introduce new grammar material. You all______(4) to be

Very attentive. But at the end of the lesson I______(5) re­serve some time to clarify this rule.

A) b) c) d)

1. could 1can 1. could 1. could

2. can’t 2. can’t 2. mustn’t 2. can’t

3. need 3. need 3. need 3. need

4. ought 4. ought 4. ought 4. must

5. may 5. may 5. may 5. may

Тест 24

______(1) it be true that Mary______(2) to translate

Into English such a difficult text? Besides she claimed that

She______(3) cope with it easily and______(4) like to

Show her translation to me. But I put off our meeting because

I thought she______(5) have some time for correcting.

A) b) c) d)

L. can 1 can 1can 1can

2. can 2. was able 2. was able 2. was able

3. could 3. can 3. could 3. could

4. would 4. would 4. would 4. would

5. might 5. might 5. may 5. might

Тест 25

— I would like to know if he______(1) do what I wanted

Him to do.

— I’m afraid he______(2) because he______(3) be very

Busy.

— It is rather strange! So, if he______(4) my help I think

I______(5) to help him.

A) b) c) d)

1. could 1. is able 1. could 1. could

2. couldn’t 2. couldn’t 2. could 2. couldn’t

3. might 3. might 3. might 3. might

4. needs 4. needs 4. needs 4. need

5. oughtn’t 5. oughtn’t 5. oughtn’t 5. oughtn’t

Тест 26

— I wonder if my son______(1) to stay after classes to­morrow in case he gets a bad mark?

— I’m sure he______(2) to do this because he______(3)

Extra classes.

— I am of the same opinion. He______(4) to study more

______(5) to pass final exams.

A) b) c) d)

1. will have 1. will have 1. will have 1. has

2. has 2. has 2. must 2. has

3. needs 3. needs 3. needs 3. needs

4. ought 4. ought 4. ought 4. ought

5. can 5. to be able 5. to be able 5. to be able

Тест 27

— You______(1) rewrite this essay.

— Why______(2) I do it? I gave my essay to you last

Week. You said it______(3) receive a good rating. So, I

______(4) repeat the same task and you______(5) make me

Rewrite this essay.

A) b) c) d)

L. have 1. must l. must l. must

2. should 2. should 2. should 2. should

3. could 3. can 3. could 3. could

4. mustn’t 4. mustn’t 4. mustn’t 4. don’t have

5. shouldn’t 5. shouldn’t 5. shouldn’t 5. shouldn’t

Тест 28

You ______(1) go in for sports, otherwise you

.______(2) produce a lot of weight. You______(3) start do­ing aerobics, for example.

— For the time being I______(4) to take up any sport

Since I______(5) to work very much.

A) b) c) d)

1. should 1. ought 1. should 1. should

2. may 2. may 2. may 2. may

3. could 3. could 3. have 3. could

4. cannot 4. am not able 4. am not able 4. am not able

5. have 5. have 5. have 5. have

Тест 29

I______(1) understand why my girlfriend______(2) be

Angry with me. I always do all I______(3) not to have a row

With her. She______(4) treat me like this because one day I

______(5) be offended.

A) b) c) d)

1. can’t 1. can’t 1can 1can

2. should 2. should 2. should 2. should

3. can 3. can 3. could 3. can

4. mustn’t 4. doesn’t have 4. mustn’t 4. mustn’t

5. may 5. may 5. may 5. may

Тест 3D

-______(1) I read the text?

— Please, do. You______(2) read it very attentively and

You_____(3) make a lot of mistakes. If you______(4) to

Read it well, you______(5) to reread it tomorrow.

A) c)

1. shall 1. shall

2. have 2. must

3. shouldn’t 3. shouldn’t

4. aren’t able 4, won’t be able 5.’11 have 5.’11 have

B) d)

1. shall 1. shall

2. must 2. must

3. shouldn’t 3. shouldn’t

4. aren’t able 4. aren’t able 5.’11 have 5. have

Тест 31

Выберите правильный вариант.

1 We______see the lake from our bedroom window.

A) are able c) must

B) can d) might

2-______ you speak any foreign languages?

A) could c) must

B) can d) might

3.1 am afraid I______come to the party next week.

A) could not c) must not

B) cannot. d) might not

4. When we went to the forest, we______smell burning.

A) could c) must

B) can d) might

5. She spoke in a very low voice, but I______understand

What she said.

A) could c) must

B) can d) might

6.1 do not know when they will be here. They______arrive

At any time.

A) could c) must

B) can d) might

7.1 was so tired. I______sleep for a week.

A) could c) must

B) can d) might

8 We______have gone away if we had enough money.

A) could c) must

B) can d) might

9. You have been travelling all day. You______be tired.

A) could c) must

B) must to d) might

10. They have not lived here for very long. They______,

Know many people.

A) could c) must not

B) should d) might

11. The phone rang but I did not hear it. I______have been

Asleep.

A) could c) must

B) may d) might

12. She passed me without speaking. She______have seen

Me.

A) could not c) should

B) cannot d) might not

13. — Why did not your sister answer the phone?

— She______have been asleep.

A) can c) must

B) should d) might’nt

14. — Why did Sarah miss meeting?

— She______have known about it.

A) should not c) must

B) should d) might not

15. Do not phone me at eight o’clock. I______be watching

The football match on TV.

A) could not c) should

B) can d) might

16. What time are you going? — Well, I am ready, so I______

Go now.

A) could as well c) must as well

B) can as well d) might as well

17. She is a very nice person. You______meet her.

A) can c) must

B) are able d) have

18.1 have not phoned Ann for ages. I______phone her to­night.

A) could c) must

B) can d) have

19. He cannot come out with us this evening. He______to

Work.

A) could c) must

B) has d) might

20.1______get up early tomorrow, because my train leaves

At 7:30.

A) need c) must

B) have to d) might

21. We do not have much time. We______hurry.

A) should to c) must

B) have d) might to

22. When we are in the library, we______not make any noise.

A) could c) must

B) can d) might

23. You can come with me if you like but you______come if

You do not want.

A) could not c) must not

B) do not have d) might

24. She has been studying hard for the exam, so she______

Pass it.

A) could b) should c) must d) might

25. It was a great party last night. You______have come.

A) could c) must

B) should d) might

Тест 32

Выберите правильный вариант.

1. John______speak three foreign languages.

A) can c) must

B) may d) has to

2. You______work hard at your English, if you want to

Know it.

A) may c) should

B) must d) are to

3. Mary______be in this room. It is her voice.

A) must c) have to

B) should d) need

4. Everyone______obey the law.

A) should c) must

B) may d) can

5. Mary______have gone to bed earlier last night. She is

Very tired today.

A) should c) have to

B) could d) must

6. You______worry about the party any more. I’ll take care

Of it.

A) don’t need to c) needn’t to

B) do need to d) need to

7. You______see a doctor.

A) need c) have

B) should d) may to

8. She has passed the exam. She______all last night.

A) can study c) must have studied

B) may have studied d) could have studied

9. The boss said that I______be at work at nine o’clock.

A) had to c) can

B) ought d) will be able to

10. Mary______close the window; it is getting cold.

A) had better to c) had better

B) would better d) should to

11. Children______play football in the streets.

A) can’t c) don’t need

B) have to d) are to

12.______use the phone, please?

A) Must I c) May I

B) Have I to d) Am I to

13. Kate missed the film last night, because she______work

Late.

A) had to c) could

B) can d) may

14. Michael______drive without headlights, it is forbidden.

A) mustn’t c) shouldn’t

B) have to d) need to

15. It is only ten a. m. She______at school now.

A) must be c) could be

B) should have been d) have be

16. Mary______pass the English exam yesterday, because

She fell ill with the Пи.

A) could c) didn’t have to

B) mustn’t d) wasn’t able to

17. Jenny______go to Egypt this spring.

A) may c) will to

B) might to d) is

18. It is early spring now. Everybody______eat more fruits

And vegetables.

A) should c) can

B) shall d) may

19. This baby______walk in a few weeks.

A) will be able to c) can

B) will can d) need

20. Anna______worry, because this trip isn’t risky at all.

A) needn’t to c) not need

B) don’t need d) needn’t

21. You______go to school today, it is Sunday.

A) don’t have to c) should

B) have to d) needn’t to

22. John______Mary last night, she was sleeping.

A) shouldn’t have called c) must to call

B) should have called d) can’t to call

23. Everything is white. It______last night.

A) must snow c) must have snowed

B) should have snowed d) must have been snowed

24. Alex didn’t do his homework, he______it.

A) can have done c) need have done

B) should have done d) ought have done

25. I’d better go to the cinema,______?

A) hadn’t I c) didn’t I

B) wouldn’t I d) had I

Тест 33

Выберите правильный вариант.

1. My sight is getting worse. Next year, I am afraid, I______

Read without glasses.

A) cannot c) could not

B) may not d) will not be able to

2. Police, firefighters, newspaper reporters and radio broad­casters ______work on holiday in the USA.

A) must c) might

B) could d) should

3.______you______get up early to meet the delegation at

The airport?

A) Did, have to c) Have, had to

B) Had, to d) Must, have to

4. Teenagers who commit crimes______be treated as adults

And sentenced to significant punishment.

A) would c) should

B) ought d) have

5. The Senate and the House of Representatives______ap­prove a bill for it to become a law.

A) had to c) was to

B) should d) must

6. When Frank was 13, he______run 100 metres in 15 sec­onds.

A) must c) can

B) could d) could have

7. Janet and Tom did not want to come with us at first time but in the end we______persuade them.

A) were able to c) might

B) should d) could have

8. The baseball match was cancelled last week. Craig______

Anyway because he was ill.

A) must not play c) should not play

B) could not have played d) cannot play

9. You have got plenty of time. You______hurry.

A) must not c) need not

B) should not d) may not

10. According to the contract, the goods______at the port

At the end of the week.

A) will arrive c) should arrive

B) are to arrive d) could arrive

11. The dog started to bark loudly, it______traces.

A) can have found c) must find

B) may have found d) may find

12. There is a child sleeping in the next room. You______be

So noisy.

A) ought not c) have not to

B) should not d) do not have

13. Knock again. They______not have heard the first time.

A) was c) need

B) ought d) might

14. My friends______tomorrow in the cafe.

A) are to meet c) ought to meet

B) should meet d) were to meet

15.1 cannot find my umbrella: I have a feeling I______have

Left it on the bus.

A) can c) might

B) ought d) may

16. You have been reading for four hours. This book______

Very interesting.

A) must have been c) should be

B) can be d) might have been

17. From what you tell me it sounds as if he______to see a

Doctor as soon as possible.

A) was able to c) should

B) ought d) must

18. James______take an educational course next Septem­ber. It is a required course.

A) has to c) might

B) may d) need

19. The dog behaves strangely. It______its master.

A) could lose c) should have lost

B) must lost d) must have lost

20.1 do not think you______go out without a raincoat on;

It looks like rain.

A) must c) should

B) ought d) need

21. My friends and I have been waiting for Kostia for a whole hour, and then we decided he______fishing without us.

A) must have gone c) should have gone

B) must go d) would go

22. My friend has a good gift for languages. He______an

Excellent translator.

A) could become c) was able to become

B) could have become d) had to become

23. If Ann had called at his office at five o’clock yesterday, she______him there.

A) may have found c) can found

B) might have found d) could have found

24. Louise______have left her credit card behind when she

Paid for the petrol.

A) ought c) had

B) should d) must

25. John______find any reason to refuse the invitation to

The party. So he accepted it.

A) could not c) must not

B) cannot d) might not

Тест 34

Выберите правильный вариант.

1. They must______. They have been working all day.

A) be tired c) to be tired

B) tired d) be tiring

2. You can’t______after having such a big meal.

A) hunger c) be hungry

B) hungry d) to be hungry

3. She must______Ukrainian with such a surname.

A) to be c) be being

B) be d) —

4. They must______very satisfied after being graded highly.

A) to feel c) felt

B) be feeling d) feel

5. She can’t______. It’s after ten o’clock.

A) come c) have come

B) be coming d) to come

6. You must______! No one enjoys taking exams!

A) joke c) be joking

B) not joke d) not to joke

7. They can’t______married! They are so different.

A) be getting c) to be getting

B) get d) to get

8. He______be ill because I’ve just spoken to him.

A) can c)should

B) must d) can’t

9. His train______be late because it is always on time.

A) can c) shouldn’t

B) can’t d) ought

10. Не ______ want to miss the exam because he is

Hardworking.

A) can’t c) must

B) shouldn’t d) can

11. — Where is Nick?

— I am not sure. He may______ the piano.

A) play c) be playing

B) have played d) be played

12. Look! She can’t______to him. They had a row yester­day.

A) talk c) be talking

B) have talked d) to talk

13. What’s that smell! My mother must______dinner.

A) cook c) be cooking

B) to cook d) to be cooking

14. His car is broken down. He______an accident.

A) must have c) should have had

B) must be having d) must have had

15. You look tanned. You______in Africa.

A) must have been c) need have been

B) must be d) can’t have been

16. It is eight o’clock. They______soon.

A) can come c) must have come

B) should have come d) must be coming

17.1 am sure she______a holiday. She looks so healthy.

A) must have had c) should have had

B) should have d) can’t have had

18.1 am sure he______a new car, because he is unemployed

Now.

A) must have bought c) might have bought

B) should have bought d) can’t have bought

19. "Do you know where the Petrovs are?" "I think they ______to London."

A) should go c) must be going

B) could have gone d) may be going

20. The baby is looking for his mother. He______lost.

A) can’t get c) mustn’t have got

B) must get d) must have got

21. She is tired. She______on a long walk.

A) may be c) might have been

B) mightn’t d) have been

22. She is wet. She______her umbrella.

A) must have forgotten c) should have forgotten

B) mustn’t have forgotten d) must forget

23. He is so untidy. He______the bathroom much.

A) can’t have used c) can have used

B) shouldn’t have used d) must have used

24. They hate each other. They______in love.

A) can be c) can’t be

B) may be d) can’t have been

25. He loves her so much! He______her when she is away.

A) must have missed c) may have missed

B) must be missing d) can’t have missed

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